Ello hizo que las murmuraciones sobre la locura de la reina aumentasen cada día entre los habitantes de los pueblos que atravesaban. Between 1498 and 1507, she gave birth to six children, two boys and four girls, all of whom grew up to be either emperors or queens. On 25 September 1506, Philip died after a five-day illness in the city of Burgos in Castile. Philip's parents were Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor and his first wife, Duchess Mary of Burgundy. Mientras vivió, en los documentos oficiales debía figurar en primer lugar el nombre de la reina Juana. By virtue of the agreement of Villafáfila, the procurators of the Cortes met in Valladolid, Castile on 9 July 1506. On 17 August 1507, three members of the royal council were summoned – supposedly in her name – and ordered to inform the grandees of her father Ferdinand II's return to power: "That they should go to receive his highness and serve him as they would her person and more." Se le unieron asimismo unos sesenta navíos mercantes que transportaban la lana exportada cada año desde Castilla. Se ha escrito que pudo padecer de melancolía,[33]​trastorno depresivo severo,[33]​[34]​ psicosis,[34]​ esquizofrenia heredada[33]​[34]​ o, más recientemente, un trastorno esquizoafectivo. Fue interpretado por Irene Gutiérrez Caba. Para otras acepciones, véase, «Juana la Loca» redirige aquí. Her remaining siblings were Maria (1482–1517) and Catherine (1485–1536), younger than Joanna by three and six years, respectively. Con anterioridad, Juana había sido considerada para el delfín Carlos, heredero del trono francés, y en 1489 pedida en matrimonio por el rey Jacobo IV de Escocia, de la dinastía Estuardo. In an attempt to prevent this, Don Antonio de Rojas Manrique, Bishop of Mallorca, led a delegation of royal councillors to Tordesillas, asking Joanna to sign a document denouncing the Comuneros. [28]​ Solo quedaba la oposición del emperador Maximiliano I, que amenazó con traer a su nieto, el príncipe de Asturias, a Castilla y gobernar en su nombre, al temer que el segundo matrimonio de Fernando podría engendrar un hijo varón que podría poner en peligro la sucesión de su nieto, el príncipe Carlos. Con su esposo Felipe I el Hermoso tuvo seis hijos: «Juana de Castilla» redirige aquí. Letters, Despatches, and State Papers to the Negotiations between England and Spain. Joanna entered a proxy marriage at the Palacio de los Vivero in the city of Valladolid, Castile, where her parents had secretly married in 1469. On 12 July,[9]:69–91 they swore allegiance to Philip I and Joanna together as King and Queen of Castile and León and to their son Charles, later Charles I of Castile, Leon and Aragon and Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, as their heir-apparent. to vols 1 and 2. [2] In 1506 Archduke Philip became King of Castile jure uxoris, initiating the rule of the Habsburgs in the Spanish kingdoms, and died that same year. Her older daughter, Eleanor of Austria, had created a semblance of a household within the palace rooms. La aceptación de la «locura» de doña Juana se ha mantenido en mayor o menor medida durante el XX, pero está siendo revisada en el XXI, sobre todo a raíz de los estudios de la investigadora estadounidense Bethany Aram y de los españoles Segura Graíño y Zalama que han sacado a la luz nuevos datos sobre su figura.[4]​. [11] At this time, some accounts claim that she was insane or "mad", and that she took her husband's corpse with her to Tordesillas to keep it close to her.[14]:139. Booking/management: juanalalocanet@gmail.com Facebook is showing information to help you better understand the purpose of a Page. Ferdinand promptly repudiated the second agreement the same afternoon, declaring that Joanna should never be deprived of her rights as Queen Proprietress of Castile. The kingdoms of Castile and Aragon (and Navarre) remained in personal union until their jurisdictional unification in the early 18th century by the Bourbons, while Charles eventually abdicated as Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire in favour of his brother Ferdinand, and the personal union with the Spanish kingdoms was dissolved. For other uses, see. Los últimos meses de la vida de la reina se recrean en la obra de teatro Santa Juana de Castilla, de Benito Pérez Galdós, estrenada en el Teatro María Guerrero de Madrid el 8 de mayo de 1918, con un elenco encabezado por la actriz Margarita Xirgu. Aquel mismo día tuvo a su hijo, según se dice, en un retrete del palacio. In October 1517, seventeen-year-old Charles I arrived in Asturias at the Bay of Biscay. A diferencia de Juana, su hermano Juan, príncipe de Asturias y de Gerona, comenzó a hacerse cargo de su casa y de posesiones territoriales como entrenamiento en el dominio de sus futuros reinos. She was named Princess of Asturias, the title traditionally given to the heir of Castile. En el estreno mundial, en París, el personaje fue interpretado por la actriz francesa Louise Conte y en la adaptación española, de 1962, por Luisa Sala. Despite being the ruling Queen of Castile, Joanna had little effect on national policy during her reign as she was declared insane and imprisoned in the Royal Convent of Santa Clara in Tordesillas under the orders of her father, who ruled as regent until his death in 1516, when she inherited his kingdom as well. Juana La Loca. [4] She studied the Iberian Romance languages of Castilian, Leonese, Galician-Portuguese and Catalan, and became fluent in French and Latin. Ferdinand II had named Ferdinand as his heir in his will before being persuaded to revoke this bequest and rename Joanna and Charles I as his heirs-presumptive instead. Pero el marido de Juana, el archiduque Felipe, no estaba dispuesto a renunciar al poder, y en la concordia de Salamanca (1505) se acordó el gobierno conjunto de Felipe, Fernando el Católico y la propia Juana. [8], In 1496, Joanna, at the age of sixteen, was betrothed to the eighteen year old Philip of Flanders, in the Low Countries. Letters, Despatches, and State Papers to the Negotiations between England and Spain. La referencia utiliza el parámetro obsoleto, La reina doña Juana la Loca, recluida en Tordesillas con su hija, la infanta doña Catalina, Cristóbal Colón, de oficio... descubridor, Colección de documentos inéditos para la historia de España, vol. Deliciosos vermouths acompañados de vinagrillos y rico tapeo. She was educated and formally trained for a significant marriage that, as a royal family alliance, would extend the kingdom's power and security as well as its influence and peaceful relations with other ruling powers. [10]​ Felipe consiguió el apoyo de la mayoría de la nobleza castellana, por lo que Fernando tuvo que firmar la concordia de Villafáfila (27 de junio de 1506) y retirarse a Aragón con una serie de compensaciones económicas. [12]:135 This arrangement only lasted for a few months. En este gran flashback doña Juana alza la voz con lucidez contra todos aquellos que la llevaron al destierro convirtiéndola en una sombra: primero su marido, Felipe el Hermoso; después su padre, Fernando el Católico, que la recluye en Tordesillas; y finalmente, su hijo Carlos V, que la ignora. De ahí que la figura de doña Juana se convirtiera en una pieza clave para legitimar el movimiento de las Comunidades. She apparently became convinced that some of the nuns that took care of her wanted to kill her, a fear which was never proved. [7] Sub-Prior Friar Tomas de Matienzo and Friar Andreas complained of her refusal to confess - or to write to him or her mother - and accused her of corruption by Parisian 'drunkard' priests. [4] Among the authors of classical literature she read were the Christian poets Juvencus and Prudentius, Church fathers Saint Ambrose, Saint Augustine, Saint Gregory, and Saint Jerome, and the Roman statesman Seneca.[4]. A story of passions, lies and Después de estos cambios, todos, incluso el cardenal, afirmaban que doña Juana «parece otra» porque se interesaba por las cosas, salía, conversaba, cuidaba de su personal y, por si fuera poco, pronunciaba unas atinadas y elocuentes palabras ante los procuradores de la Junta; palabras que recogieron notarios y se comenzaron a difundir. [13]​, En 1503 el marido de Juana, Felipe, regresó a Flandes a fin de resolver unos asuntos mientras que Juana, embarazada, permanecía en España a petición de sus padres, quienes deseaban que ella conociera a sus futuros súbditos. [11] She is entombed in the Royal Chapel of Granada (la Capilla Real) in Spain, alongside her parents, Isabella I and Ferdinand II, her husband Philip I and her nephew Miguel da Paz, Prince of Asturias. En el canal de la Mancha, una fuerte tormenta hundió varios navíos y dispersó al resto. Se trata de un monólogo para una sola actriz, que no ha sido llevado al teatro. El levantamiento comunero de 1520 la sacó de su cárcel y le pidió encabezar la revuelta, pero ella se negó, y cuando su hijo Carlos derrotó a los comuneros volvió a encerrarla. 迢ょ・ウ邇九ヵ繧「繝奇シ�Juana la loca)縺ィ縺励※遏・繧峨l繧九�√き繧ケ繝�繧」繝ェ繝」螂ウ邇具シ�1479蟷エ11譛�6譌・ - 1555蟷エ4譛�12譌・�シ� Rogó a su esposo que, cuando Juana llegara a Flandes, la vigilara gente de su confianza para evitar nuevos desacatos, aunque esperaba que la reunión con el esposo produjera un efecto beneficioso en el carácter de su hija.[4]​. Al año siguiente, el 18 de julio de 1501, en Bruselas, nació una hija, llamada Isabel en honor de la madre de Juana, Isabel la Católica. [1] Following the deaths of her brother, John, Prince of Asturias, in 1497, her elder sister Isabella in 1498, and her nephew Miguel in 1500, Joanna became the heir presumptive to the crowns of Castile and Aragon. Estudio documental de la moneda castellana de Carlos I fabricada en los Países Bajos (1517); Biography of Juana the Mad of Castile (1479–1555), Countess Palatine Eleonor Magdalene of Neuburg, Princess Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Princess Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Princess Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily, Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna of Russia, Princess Hermine of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym, Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria, Princess Clotilde of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Princess Maria Annunciata of the Two Sicilies, Princess Maria Immaculata of the Two Sicilies, Princess Maria Cristina of the Two Sicilies, Princess Maria of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg, Freiin Francesca Thyssen-Bornemisza de Kászon et Impérfalva, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Joanna_of_Castile&oldid=995277582, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Articles that may contain original research from November 2017, All articles that may contain original research, Articles needing additional references from November 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2017, Articles needing additional references from November 2018, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Dennis, Amarie, Seek the Darkness: the Story of Juana La Loca, (1945), Fleming, Gillian B., Juana I: legitimacy and conflict in Sixteenth Century Castile (2018).